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GLOSSARY OF INSURANCE TERMS

There are 528 entries in this glossary.
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Term Definition
UMBRELLA POLICY

Coverage for losses above the limit of an underlying policy or policies such as homeowners and auto insurance. While it applies to losses over the dollar amount in the underlying policies, terms of coverage are sometimes broader than those of underlying policies.

UNBUNDLED CONTRACTS

A form of annuity contract that gives purchasers the freedom to choose among certain optional features in their contract.

UNDERINSURANCE

The result of the policyholder’s failure to buy sufficient insurance. An underinsured policyholder may only receive part of the cost of replacing or repairing damaged items covered in the policy.

UNDERWRITER

A company representative who reviews applications for insurance coverage to ensure they are acceptable and appropriately priced. **

UNDERWRITING

Examining, accepting, or rejecting insurance risks and classifying the ones that are accepted, in order to charge appropriate premiums for them.

UNDERWRITING INCOME

The insurer’s profit on the insurance sale after all expenses and losses have been paid. When premiums aren’t sufficient to cover claims and expenses, the result is an underwriting loss. Underwriting losses are typically offset by investment income.

UNEARNED PREMIUM

The portion of a premium already received by the insurer under which protection has not yet been provided. The entire premium is not earned until the policy period expires, even though premiums are typically paid in advance.

UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE

Insurance against loss of income due to unemployment. This type of insurance is funded by payroll taxes and subject to the control of both state and federal governments.**

UNINSRED MOTORISTS (UM) COVERAGE

(1)A coverage in an automobile insurance policy under which the insurer will pay damages to the insured for which another motorist is liable if that motorist is unable to pay because he or she is uninsured. This coverage usually applies to bodily injury damages only. Injuries to the insured caused by a hit-and-run driver are also covered.** (2)Portion of an auto insurance policy that protects a policyholder from uninsured and hit-and-run drivers.

UNINSURABLE RISK

Risks for which it is difficult for someone to get insurance. (See Insurable risk)

UNIVERSAL LIFE INSURANCE

A flexible premium policy that combines protection against premature death with a type of savings vehicle, known as a cash value account, that typically earns a money market rate of interest. Death benefits can be changed during the life of the policy within limits, generally subject to a medical examination. Once funds accumulate in the cash value account, the premium can be paid at any time but the policy will lapse if there isn’t enough money to cover annual mortality charges and administrative costs.

UTILIZATION REVIEW

See Medical utilization review

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